During the course, REAL facilitated the process with the database to provide for a realistic decision of the present. The visible aspects of successful intervention like Women Forum, common land issues were appraised. The opinion stood out that a sustained efforts towards women sangam has resulted in tangible models and the same method could be adopted in other sangams in the target area.
A revised survey among the Agricultural workers groups, when consolidated, gave a new picture. The agricultural workers somehow have acquired small bit of land (in cents) and those who have small stretch of land (20 cent to 1 acre) among Agricoolies count to 20 % of the Agricultural Workers
Sangam. Some of the BC persons have also joined the Agri workers forum. Though the total acreage of land held is
meagre, REAL felt that these lands should also could be brought under productivity to improve the life standard of the target people which will simultaneously improve the soil health and combat desertification process.
It was also strongly felt that the availability of work in the target villages could be increased only be rejuvenating the land irrespective of the consideration of who holds the land. While comparing the family economy of landless agri coolies and the small and marginal farmers, it is obvious that the small and marginal farmers are not leading a so better life than the
agri-laborers. But the social status of the land holding BC and the land holding SC can not be compared for the socio-cultural status which is drawn from generation to generation. The fact that the BC people also have joined the
agri. workers forum which was promoted with its SC identify was in itself very much promising. The percentage of BC families in both Women &
Agri. workers sangam is 40% to the total number of members.
The realisation that the involvement in land based activities need not to be viewed as anti Agri labourer stand, was unanimously accepted by REAL Team.
Green Tech for Waste Land
In order to rejuvenate the Waste/ Dry lands of the target area, REAL concceived a project namely, ”Green Tech for Wasteland” which is supported by Ministry of Science &
Techonology. Having designed waste land development as a technology, scientific methods of assessments of the present status as a bench mark were carried out at the initial stage of the project so as to make the indicators measurable both in qualitative and quantitative terms.
The objectives ear marked under Green Tech Project
To improve the socio-economic conditions of the weaker sections through intervention of appropriate science and technology and starting help towards resource building.
To improve the general Physical environmental conditions of the target area through trainings, motivation equipping science and technology in their dry agricultural operation with Bio-diversity.
To enable the target group to understand their potentials and improve their socio-economic conditions through an integrated socio-economic -environmental and ecological approach and technology.
To bring about sustainable development of agriculture with low -external-input and following ecological principles of farming towards maximum return with less drudgery.
About 250 acres of rain-fed, waste/fallow/barren and under utilized lands were brought into cultivation belonging to 140 families from farming community, which were owned by majority scheduled Caste and from backward community below the poverty line.
Trainings, on Science and Technology relevant to soil-plant and animal husbandry towards helathy and sustainable use and optimum returns were given.
The socio-economic conditions of 140 family members indirectly women members improved their skill, employment and income by their participation in trainings and implementation.
The project had been implemented in Tholipatti and Valayuthagoundanour of Gujiliamparai block, Vedasandur
Taluk, in Dindigul District.
1) During this period motivation and orientation camps were conducted to build up confidence among the poor farmers and training were organised on technical components to equip them in the waste land development techincs such as
bunding, gully plugging for Soil and Water conservation, pot drip irrigation system and Agro-Forestry model. After the training the farmers were able to follow the technics related to wasteland development in proper manner.
2) A total of 100.5 acres of waste land had been brought under soil and water conservation measures and tree planting and another 100 acres had been planted with fruit seedlings. Thus a total of 200.5 acres belonging to 121 dalit families had been brought under productivity.
3) It was aimed at improving the socio economic conditions of the Dalit families of the project village. Bringing the waste lands of the dalit families into cultivation itself had created a sense of worthliness and confidence among the
dalits, giving them social dignity. The intercrop method followed in the lands had given them an income of Rs1400 per acre.
The Impact of Green Technology:-
1) Farmers were equipped on appropriate the wasteland development technics
2) Confidence on bringing the waste land into productivity had built.
3) 45 acres of Waste lands had brought under cultivation
4) Soil Erosion and Water run-off had been arrested in the bunded 45 acres of land
5) Farmers Association had been promoted in the project village for a collective action.
6) The farmers are willing to go for Dryland Crop cultivation in the bunded lands.
7) Farmers are hopeful of getting income from the trees and crops from the developed lands.